The Siege of Marawi, the impulse to change the capabilities of the Philippine armed forces

Abstract:

In May 2017, Islamists of the South-Philippine Separate Groups of Abu Sajyaf and Maute occupied Marawi City in Mindanao. Five-month fighting was attended by more than 3,000 armed forces against about 1,000 jihadists. Dozens of foreign fighters took part in the fighting on the Islamists side and confirming the pan-Islamic ethos of the Islamic state's ideology in this part of the world. Philippine troops were not prepared for the character of fighting in urbanized environment against motivated and experienced militants. The shortcomings were manifested in the conducting of operations in a heavily built-up area, but also in low-level coordination and limits of capabilities of the technical intelligence. It was decided to create Special Operations Command to which all Philippine special purpose forces are subordinated. The conflict experience has initiated a change of doctrinal approach that focuses on air support to reduce losses due to inaccurate bombing and acquisitions of high-tech reconnaissance and weapon systems.

Colonel Libor Kutěj, Ph.D., born in 1967. Since 1992 is working at the state administration, firstly within the Ministry of Interior and since 1996 within the Ministry of Defence. From 2009 to 2012 he was a Defence Attaché of the Czech Republic in Israel. In the period of 2012 – 2015 held the position of Director of Military Diplomacy Department of the Ministry of Defence of the Czech Republic. Between 2015 – 2019, he was a Defence Attaché of the Czech Republic in Jordan. Since the 1st February 2019 he has been appointed as Head of the Department of Intelligence Support of the Faculty of Military leadership of the University of Defence in Brno. His lectures and publishing activities are focuses on the problems of military intelligence, politico-military and security context in the Middle East and East/South East Asia.

10/09/2019

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