Morocco´s Foreign Fighters: Jihadists´ 2nd Generation and its Islamist Ideology

Abstract:

There is currently about 1 500 Moroccan citizens fighting for the so-called Daech in Syria and Iraq; that makes the North African monarchy one of the main countries which export radical islam djihadists and supporters abroad to the war-beaten Syrian-Iraqi region. Until 2014 Moroccan officials let them leave the country almost freely, to be precise, they didn´t prevent them from travelling to Syria, Iraq and other proxy war destinations. That´s how have the Moroccan fighters joined the Daech rows fighting in the beginning against the Syrian president Asad. But it seems now that the situation has rapidly changed: the Kingdom of Morocco is currently fighting and closely monitoring its own foreign fighters who are coming back home. Especially such eventual threat is pushing the country for creating a new national security strategy related to this risky minority, which needs to be integrated back to the Moroccan society.

Keywords:

Jana Kostrounová, born in 1986. She graduated from the Faculty of Arts, University of West Bohemia in Pilsen. She is a scholarship holder and diplomas holder from the Damascus University and Cairo University. She is a member of the Czech - Arab Society and the Czech Society of Political Sciences, an Arabist. Fluent in Modern Standard Arabic, Syrian and Egyptian dialects, English, French, German, Akkadian and Hebrew. Currently, she is a student of the doctoral study at the University of Hradec Králové where she tought Political Islam, Modern Political History of Egypt and Arabic language courses.  The topic of her thesis is the concept human rights in Islam: Koranic interpretation versus secularization in the light of current legislation in Egyptian Arab Republic and Tunisian Republic. Her professional interests include Arabic language and literature, Egypt, Tunisia, Syria, Islam as a religion, political Islam, Islamic law, Islamic radicalism.

20/05/2016

She graduated from the Faculty of Arts, University of West Bohemia in Pilsen. She is a scholarship holder and diplomas holder from the Damascus University and Cairo University. She is a member of the Czech - Arab Society and the Czech Society of Political Sciences, an Arabist. Fluent in Modern Standard Arabic, Syrian and Egyptian dialects, English, French, German, Akkadian and Hebrew. She is a student of the doctoral study at the University of Hradec Králové where she tought Political Islam, Modern Political History of Egypt and Arabic language courses. The topic of her thesis is the concept human rights in Islam: Koranic interpretation versus secularization in the light of current legislation in Egyptian Arab Republic and Tunisian Republic. Her professional interests include Arabic language and literature, Egypt, Tunisia, Syria, Islam as a religion, political Islam, Islamic law, Islamic radicalism.

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