Security Environment

Security Environment (1)

Rocket technology occupies an elite position in the doctrines of hybrid actors in the Middle East. The thesis of proliferation of tactical ballistic missiles analyses four models - political, technological, substitutional and propagandist-psychological. An effective reduction of ballistic missiles and technologies has been identified in the political model, where sanctions and embargoes limit the proliferation of missile technology. In the technical model, which plays a key role, the limiting factors are those of development and dissemination of high-energy laser weapons. The substitutional model illustrates the application of tactical ballistic missiles as carriers for improvised devices. It is of marginal importance, despite covering targets that involve secondary damage. Studying the model of propaganda and psychology confirms the psychological effect on the population associated with the losses, but it does not affect the reduction of missiles.
Redakce Vojenských rozhledů vám představuje článek RNDr. Pavla Štalmacha, MBA, bývalého prvního náměstka ministra obrany a předsedy Krizového štábu Ministerstva obrany, který v současné době působí jako pracovník Ministerstva obrany. Článek byl pod názvem „Hybridní hrozby – včera, dnes a zítra - pohled z Prahy“ zveřejněn v časopise Czech Industry č. 3/2018.
The article focuses on the issue of foreign fighters from the Balkan peninsula, and examines the measures that have been taken by governments in the region to combat it. The author asserts that the first ISIS losses and the thinning of the first wave of enthusiastic recruits accompanied with the first disillusioned returnees and changes in public policies and in public discourse (political narrative and narrative of Islamic communities, mass media) caused the unprecedented decline in the number of new recruits.
The paper deals with the concept of proxy wars in the region of the Middle-East and the role of intelligence services in it. In the current conflicts in Syria, Iraq and Yemen, many external actors and powers interfere using (not only) their intelligence services for the defence of their national interests in afflicted states, often even combating each other on a territory of a different state. The main goal of the paper is to introduce the concept of proxy war and analyse the role of intelligence services in the ongoing conflicts in the defined area.
The paper deals with the process of radicalization in the armed forces in Central Europe, with specific focus on the Czech Armed Forces and the Bundeswehr. The author conceptualizes radicalization as a recent security threat and explains the specifics of the use of this concept in the armed forces. The most important historical legacies are identified and the current development cases and trends are analyzed and compared, including the specifics of various streams of extremism. Possible recommendations how to counter radicalization are included in the paper.
Use of child soldiers by rebel armed forces has been growing in recent years. In comparison to preceding conflicts, main reasons for their use have changed significantly – at the present time, children have become highly efficient psychological weapon in battles against the military from developed countries. This may have momentous consequences not only for the given children but also for professional soldiers. Fighting against child soldiers can indisputably affect the soldiers’ capability to discharge their duties. Furthermore, they have to cope with many individual moral dilemmas. The article will look into potential moral aspects regarding confrontation between child soldiers and members of professional armed forces. In the following section, training of professional soldiers and preparation of military mission will be explored. Subsequently, weaknesses which are crucial to forestall in the future will be outlined.
Článek pojednává o tom, jakým způsobem je současný syrský konflikt reflektován v České republice. Představeny jsou zejména aktivity samotné syrské diaspory v České republice, která je zde přítomna od dob komunistického režimu. Obdobně jako je tomu v Sýrii, i v České republice nejsou Syřané zdaleka jednotní. Jsou mezi nimi jak lidé loajální režimu strany Baas a Bašára al-Asada, tak členové opozice. Ta se navíc v polovině roku 2012 rozštěpila na dvě skupiny. Představena je i reakce na konflikt řady subjektů z České republiky.
Cílem článku je představit aktuální diskuzi o kyberprostoru jako nové, páté válečné doméně. Čtenář je seznámen s konceptem kyberprostoru, jeho současným uchopením v především amerických doktrínách a vojenské teorii. Kontextuálně je zmíněna i funkce armády a specificky vymezení možností české armády. Diskutována je podoba kyberprostoru a jeho charakteristiky v kontextu vedení vojenských operací. Představeny jsou argumenty zastánců myšlenky kyberprostoru jako válečné domény i kritika tohoto pojetí. V závěru jsou argumenty obou stran shrnuty a zhodnoceny a to i s přihlédnutím k roli a možnostem ozbrojených sil.

The Future Security Environment: An Emerging View

Authors: volume: 2017/Mimořádné číslo
The future security environment through 2035 and beyond will likely be increasingly complex and both present challenges and offer opportunities to NATO military forces. Analysis of the future security environment indicates that forces will likely face challenges that could unfold in an exponentially accelerated and increasingly complex fashion. As trends converge in the future, there are twelve likely instability situations that could reach a threshold requiring the Alliance’s use of military forces, including: weapons of mass destruction/effect use, conventional war, escalatory use of force, hybrid war, unconventional war/terrorism, global commons disruption, critical infrastructure attack, cyberattack, governance challenges, endangerment of civilian populations, pandemic disease, and natural/man-made disasters. However, there are also many opportunities that NATO military forces could seize in the future, including building and strengthening relationships, addressing emerging challenges, capitalising on innovative technology and ideas to maintain the military edge, and understanding and influencing the human aspects of conflict. Ultimately, to keep the operational edge today and in the future, NATO joint forces and partners will need to continually evolve, adapt, and innovate to improve their ability to act together comprehensively across all domains to communicate and achieve the political-military objectives of the Alliance.
The article focuses on confronting the Lebanon‘s Shiite movement Hezbollah with Israel in the field of energy. The aim of the article is to analyse the importance of energy in strategy of movement Hezbollah generally and specifically in confronting with Israel and motives and methods of the energy strategy of the Hezbollah. The primary method of Hezbollah action is to use or threat of violence consisting in threatening to attack on the Israeli energy sector to defend Lebanese energy wealth and deter its enemy from production of gas and oil in the disputed waters of the eastern Mediterranean. The main motive of Hezbollah‘s activities is especially strengthening of stable energy supplies and Israel‘s accusations of aggressive energy policy towards Lebanon.